The Relationship Between Parental Stress and Intervention Outcome of Children with Autism
Rebecca Shine and Adrienne Perry
This study examined stress levels in 151 mothers of children with autism, at the time their children were beginning Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI), in relationship to the rate of progress and outcomes for the children at the time of exiting the IBI program. There was a modest negative correlation between mothers' stress and child's adaptive skills and a trend for lower stress among mothers whose children achieved better outcome classifications.
Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI) Training: Cooperation and its Relationship to Language and Social Competence in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Mary Konstantareas, Andrea Rios, and Calida Ramnarace
This study attempted to determine the relationship between Cooperation and the Language and Social domains of Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills (ABLLS-R). Data on 18 children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who were exposed to Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI) training were used. Results revealed that Cooperation at the time of program entry was related to Cooperation, Receptive Language, Social interaction and Play and Leisure skills post-program. Limited or complete absence of spoken language may account for the lack of relationship between Cooperation and the three expressive language domains examined. Results are discussed for their relevance to IBI training among persons with ASD.
Maladaptive Behaviour in Autism
Odette Weiss, Adrienne Perry, and Kerry Wells
This study evaluated the usefulness of the Maladaptive Behavior Domain of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II in assessing maladaptive behaviour in children with autism. Our sample was composed of 117 children with autism or Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Scores from the Maladaptive Behavior Domain were examined in relation to autism severity, cognitive ability, age, gender, and adaptive skills, all of which have been found to be related to maladaptive behaviour in previous research. Our results were mostly inconsistent with recent research, calling into question the validity of the Maladaptive Behavior Domain in its present form for use with children with autism.
The Adaptive Profiles of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Myra Sugar, Mary Konstantareas, and Glenn Rampton
The adaptive profiles of 40 individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) were determined using the Communication, Daily Living Skills, and Socialization domains of the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales II. The results revealed that individuals with ASD functioned best in Daily Living Skills and least well in Socialization, with Communication faring in between the two. These results replicate the well documented challenges of those with ASD, and mirror the DSM IV criteria for this condition. Results are discussed for their relevance to our understanding of ASD as well as to how they may inform proactice in the area.