Elspeth Bradley and Phoebe Caldwell
Autism is associated with unique neurobiology. Significant differences in brain structures and neurobiological functioning have been found that underpin different perceptual and psychological experiences of people with autism (neuro-atypical) compared to those without autism (neuro-typical). These neuropsychological differences include hyper-and hyposensitivities to sensory input, vestibular distortions, problems filtering and processing incoming information which contribute to sensory and emotional overload, motor difficulties and consequent anxiety. Neuro-typical explanations (Outside-In perspective) of anxiety and unusual behaviours shown by those with autism, are often at odds with explanations provided by those with autism (Inside-Out perspective). Listening to these neuro-atypical explanations of emotional experience underlying unusual behaviours, offers an opportunity to Promote Autism faVourable Environments (PAVE). The PAVE approach can reduce the suffering, pain and distress that arise for those with autism in more ordinary environments, as well as aid in reduction of misdiagnoses and mismanagement strategies.